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Why So Many Plane Designs?

As with the creation of anything from a report or a piece of software, to a tool, electronic device or household equipment such as a vacuum cleaner, the purpose for things becomes the primary driving force in its design.

F-14 Tomcats

Click here for CVW3 Click here for Topcats Click here for NightHawks Go to the Island Two F-14 Tomcats over the USS John F. Kennedy - Contributed by Robert M. Cieri

The same is true for planes. Whether its a cargo plane, a fighter jet, an electronic surveillance system, a piece of jamming equipment or radar deception gear the purpose is always considered in its design. In this case, the purpose shapes the design which enhances combat abilitities in the way of speed, range, and efficiency.

For information on the Pri-Fly: http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/ship/cv-design.htm

F-14 Tomcats

Even though General Dynamics had a contract with the Navy to design a new fighter jet, they didn't have the experience when it came to aircraft carrier jets so they subcontracted the job to Grumman who had been designing and building planes for the Navy for years.

F-14 Tomcat Specifications (Grumman)
Length
62.7 ft.
Wingspan
64.1 ft.
Height
16 ft.
Engines (2) F110-GE-400
27,400 lbs. thrust
Fuel Capacity
16,200 lbs.
Maximum take-off weight
74,348 lbs.
Armaments - any combination up to 14,500 lbs.
Phoenix
Sidewinder missiles
AMRAAM
20 mm M61 cannon
Sparrow

 

F/A-18 Hornet

The newer Hornets come in one and two-seater jets which can carry more fuel, have increased engine power and
can therefore cover a greater range with greater speed and efficiency.

F/A-18 Hornet Specifications
Length
60.3 ft.
Wingspan
44.9 ft.
Height
16 ft.
Top Speed
Mach 1.8+
Engines (2) GE  F-414 After-burning tubofan
22,000 lbs. thrust (9:1 thrust to weight ratio)
Combat Ceiling
50,000 ft.
Combat Radius
660 Nautical Miles
Armaments: 17,750 lbs. Maximum
AIM-9 Sidewinder
Laser & infrared guided missiles
AIM-7 Sparrow
JSOW (Joint Stand-Off Weapon)
AIM-120 AMRAAM
JDAM (Joint Direct Attack Munition)
Harpoon
Walleye and Maverick TV
HARM - High-speed Auto Radiation Missile
Various general purpose bombs, mines, & rockets
Shrike
Satcom receiver
SLAM-ER (Standoff Land-Attack Missile Extended Range)
M61A1 20 mm cannon: 400 rounds ammunition

 

EA-6B Prowler

The Prowler is a modified A-6 Intruder, twin-engine aircraft which combines long-range all-weather capabilities
with radar deception gear and jamming equipment and HARM missiles.

EA-6B (Grumman Aerospace Corp.)
Length
59.8 ft.
Wingspan
53 ft.
Height
16.25 ft.
Engines (2) J52-P408
11,200 lbs. thrust each
Speed
530 knots (610 mph)
Climb Rate
10,030 ft. per min.
Ceiling
38,000 ft.
Range
1,000 nautical miles (1,150 statute miles)
Armaments
Up to (4) AGM-88A HARM (High-speed Auto Radiation Missile)

 

E-2C Hawkeye

The Hawkeye represents the eyes and ears of the carrier battle group and works closely with the F-14s. The
prominent feature, the radar dome mounted atop the plane, provides all-weather airborne early warning and command-and-control functions. It extends the detection range of a battle group by nearly 300 miles and 160
miles for missiles.

E-2C Hawkeye (Grumman Aerospace Corp.)
Length
57.5 ft.
Wingspan
80.6 ft.
Height
18.25 ft.
Engines (2) Allison Turboprop: T-56-A427
5,000 shaft horsepower each
Speed
300+ knots (345 mph)
Maximum take-off weight
53,000 lbs.
Ceiling
30,000 ft. (9,100 m.)
Range
2,300 nautical miles (2,645 statute miles)
Armaments = None

 

S-3B Viking

Based on the S-3A, the S-3B Viking was not only for anti-submarine warfare (ASW) but it was configured for surveillance and precision-targeting (precision-guided missiles), and functioned as the primary overhead mission tanker. This aircraft was equipped with day/night infrared surveillance (inverse/synthetic aperture radar or ISAR/SAR, and infrared IR sensor), electronic countermeasures (electronic support system or ESM), search and rescue (SAR),
and command/control/communication warfare.

S-3B Viking (Lockheed-California Company)
Length
53.3 ft.
Wingspan
68.6 ft.
Height
22.75 ft.
Engines (2) TF-34-GE-400B
9,275 lbs. thrust each
Speed
450 knots (518 mph)
Maximum take-off weight
52,539 lbs.
Ceiling
40,000 ft.
Range
2,300 nautical miles (2,645 statute miles)
Armaments up to 3,958 lbs.
AGM-84 Harpoon Anti-ship Missile
Torpedoes
AGM-65 Maverick IR Missile
Rockets
AGM-84 SLAM missiles
Bombs

 

This section is still being developed... please stay tuned.

F-4B / F-14A / F-14B

A-4C / FA-18C
A-7B
A-7E / FA-18C(N)

A-6A/B / A-6A/B/C / KA-6D / A-6E

RA-5C
KA-3B/EKA-3B

E-1B / E-2B / E-2C Hawkeye 2000

EA-1F / EA-3B / EA-6B Prowler

UH-2C / HH2D / SH-3G

EKA-3B / ES-3A

C-1A / C-2A

SH-3D/SH-3H Sea King Helicopter
SH-60/HH-60H
SH-60F/HH-60H Seahawk Helicopter

RF-8G

S-3A / S-3B